There are a variety of different ecosystems around the world. Remember that an ecosystem is a group of communities of both living and inert things that are related to each other. While there are many ecosystems on earth and water, terrestrial ecosystem is only found on earth. Biotic beings found in this type of ecosystem include a wide variety of life forms, such as plants and animals. The abiotic or non-living elements found in such an ecosystem include the forms of land and climate that predominate in a given place.
The terrestrial ecosystem is one in which animals and plants live in the soil and air, where they find what they need to live, each of these animals and plants have different characteristics and they need to adapt to the place where they live.
Components found in a terrestrial ecosystem are, therefore: the biotic part that includes everything related to land or soil, vegetation, aerial and terrestrial animals, decomposing organisms, and part or abiotic factors such as sun, rain, wind, erosion, temperature and climate change.
There are several types of terrestrial ecosystem that we mention below:
Terrestrial fauna are groups of animals that live in a geographic area and are found in a given ecosystem. The study of these animals is known as zoogeography. Fauna is dependent on abiotic and biotic factors, competition and predation of species. The Terrestrial flora implies the group of vegetal species that are in a determined territory. Depending on the geographical location, the flora is considered both abundant and poor, so we can say that it is very variable. It consists of all plants that grow either on land or in the sea, from giant trees to seaweeds.
In reality, both climate and temperature will depend on the type of ecosystem we are referring to and, in fact, both issues are part of the most important aspects that are taken into account when making an appropriate ecosystem classification. Sunlight, radiation, amount of rain, humidity, latitude and altitude are some of the aspects that determine the climate and the type of flora and fauna of a place.
Ecosystems are important to man because they give him a wide range of benefits for life, from trees used to extract wood and build, to some types of animals needed to survive.