Abiotic factors

Ecological factors are environmental elements that have an impact on fauna and flora. Two types of ecological factors are distinguished: biotic factors and abiotic factors. Abiotic factors are responsible for making the environment in which life takes place suitable for animal and plant species. This is why they are so important for ecosystems.

Abiotic factors

Related topics

Biocenosis, biome, biotic factors, ecological niche, biotope

What abiotic is?

Abiotic is a term associated with biology and refers to any non-living environment. This term is opposed to the biotic term and allows to designate what is not part or is not a result of living beings. On the other hand, it is important to point out that abiotic components make up the biotope, while biotic components form biocenosis. Abiotic refers to the physical environment, the place of life in which biocenosis develops.

Abiotic factors are air, water, hydrostatic pressure, temperature, among others. For example, a plant (biotic) needs sunlight (abiotic), air (abiotic) and water (abiotic).

Types and examples of abiotic factors

Abiotic factors are the set of physical or chemical phenomena in the environment that influence life of living beings and their adaptation to their environment. In this way, abiotic factors play a fundamental role in the planet’s ecological balance.

Thus, abiotic factors do not depend on living beings. It is possible to classify them in the following categories:

Sideric factors

Refers to those earth, sun and satellite properties that have an ecological implication. Among them, we can find:

Edaphic (soil) factors

Species development is variable depending on structure, composition, humus content and richness of soil microbial life.

Climatic factors

Chemical Factors

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

How to cite this article?

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Abiotic factors. Recovered on 24 February, 2024, de Euston96:

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