The high jump is a sporting event that takes place in the competitions of the Olympic program. It is a sport that belongs to athletics, in which the athlete makes a jump preceded by a race to reach the height. The headquarters of the sport includes a semicircular track that allows an approach race from any angle. Two rigid vertical supports hold a horizontal light transversal bar in such a way that it will fall if it is touched by a competitor who tries to jump over it.
The high jump is a branch of athletics in the category of field events, which is based on being able to surpass the bar that has been placed at a certain height, jump that is done after gaining momentum through a race and a takeoff.
The high jump consists of performing a vertical jump to try to overcome a bar or ribbon as it is also known, without knocking it down, which in turn can be placed at different heights. This jump is done after the athlete has made a run and an impulse takeoff and is a sport that is usually practiced by both men and women.
The main characteristics of the high jump are the following:
High jump competitions were very popular in Scotland at the beginning of the 19th century, although according to historians, sport has records since 776 BC, and there is some evidence that it was practiced in Asia and Egypt. The event was incorporated into the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Of all the field events, the high jump is probably the one that has undergone the most radical changes in technique. The Cretans also practiced big high jumps and hammer throwing.
The main rules that must be followed when practicing high jump are the following:
In the high jump sport, there are two techniques that are considered the main ones, and these are the Fosbury style and the ventral roller style:
The phases of the high jump depend on the technique being performed and are as follows:
The high jump equipment consists of two jumping meters, the crossbar or ribbon, support plates and the fall mat.
Jumpers are the vertical posts that hold the crossbar or slat. Their constitution, shape or dimensions are not regulated; but it is stipulated that they are rigid and have a base that assures their correct position.
The transversal bar is placed horizontally and indicates the height to be crossed by the jumper. It may be made of fiberglass or other suitable material, but never of metal. Its transversal part is circular except in the ends. It has a length of between 3.98 m and 4.02 m and a maximum mass of 2 kg. The parts of the bar that are placed on the supports must be smooth and cannot be covered by any type of material.
The support plates are in charge of supporting the jumpers, they must be flat and rectangular in shape. Their measures are 40 mm high and 60 mm long. The supports cannot be covered by any type of material.
The fall zone is a rectangle with a minimum length of 5 meters and a minimum width of 3 meters. It must be covered by several weather-resistant mattresses and must be elastic.
Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). High jump. Recovered on 7 January, 2021, de Faqs.Zone: https://www.euston96.com/en/high-jump/