Within the field of the seven arts, we find the area of cinematography. An art practically science starting from which a cinematographer uses a series of different systems to place the images in the correct position, one after the other, to be able to visualize them in a sequence allowing at the same time that these images can acquire a movement.
Cinematography is a technique through which, taking a series of fixed images as a starting point that are projected onto a screen at a fair speed, it is possible to give speediness to these images so that, they can be perceived as if they were in motion.
Cinematography, also known as the art and technology of cinematographic photography, is a process that involves different techniques such as the general composition of a scene; the illumination of the whole or the location; the correct selection of cameras, lenses, filters and films; the appropriate angle to use in the camera and movements, as well as the integration of special effects.
These aspects mentioned in the area of cinematography can involve an important team when we refer to a feature film, which is guided by the photography director, first cameraman and the director of photography, who must achieve that the images and photographic effects are what the director really needs. The concept of cinematography itself can also refer to the technique by which films are created to represent stories.
Among the main characteristics we can mention the following:
The origin of the cinematograph is actually quite old and dates back to 1654 when the German priest Atanasio Kircher made a series of experiments with moving images using his interesting magic lantern. A century later, the well-known Fantasmagories of the Frenchman Gaspard Robert, who was known as “Robertson” were created, which was a spectacle based on figures painted on glass plates.
In 1833, the Austrian mathematician Simon von Stampfer had formed an interesting artifact which he called a stroboscope, with which he could perceive an object that spun on itself giving the idea that it spun very slowly. With the invention of photography, the cinema developed little by little. In 1874 the French astronomer Jules Janssen devised his “photographic revolver“, considered the ancestor of today’s camera.
The history of cinematography begins on December 28, 1895 with the participation of the Lumière brothers, who at that precise moment showed the first public projection in which images that were in motion could be shown and they did so through their new invention, the cinematograph. Thomas Edison had also done the same with his kinetoscope, with the difference that the cinematograph was much lighter and more functional, and in addition to capturing moving images, he could also project them.
Thomas Alva Edison in 1889 invented the kinetograph which was the first sound camera in which he placed the axis of the camera shutter with a phonograph, managing to record sound and image at the same time. It was Edison who invented sound cinema in 1902, but the sound was so weak that it was not practical. In 1910, Leon Gaumont with the chronophone began to study the possibilities of creating sound cinema. From the first works that are observed today, cinematography has had a process by which it has become a huge industry that moves billions around the world.
The elements of cinematography are the following:
Some of the most used techniques in cinematography are the following:
The staff participating in the cinematography is as follows:
Cinematography is important for human beings because it is a way of expressing art with the aim of creating entertainment for both adults and children. It is one of the most important industries that exist today, a mechanism that promotes creativity and the development of the ability to represent a particular idea. It is also important at the technological level because it promotes the development of the same in search of new tools to improve images.
Some examples of cinematography are the following:
Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Cinematography. Recovered on 29 April, 2021, de Euston96: https://www.euston96.com/en/cinematography/