Philosophy# Pythagoras

## Who was Pythagoras?

## Biography of Pythagoras

## Thought of Pythagoras

## Contributions

## Arche

## Works of Pythagoras

## Phrases

The philosopher **Pythagoras**, a **Greek pre-Socratic**, is probably one of the most important persons in the world, despite not having written any kind of article. It is also difficult to say how much of what we are told about Pythagoras's life is reliable. We can see him sometimes represented as a **man of science**, and sometimes as a **preacher** of **mystical doctrines**. What we do know is that between Pythagoras and **mysticism** existed a mixture and union. Originally from **Samos**, Pythagoras founded in **Kroton** a society that was both a **religious** community and a **scientific school**.

**When he was born**: 569 B.C.**Where he was born**: Samos, Greece**When he died:**475 B.C.**Where did he die**: Metapontum

**Philosopher** and **mathematician** of Greek origin, founder of the **Pythagorean theorem** and school, who developed mathematics in ancient Greece, characterized by its **mysticism** and **esotericism** in Eastern religions.

Pythagoras’ father was called **Mnesarchus** and his mother was known as **Pythais** and was originally from Samos. Mnesarchus was a merchant from **Tyre**. As a child he spent his early years in **Samos**, however, he traveled extensively with his father. Reports have been found that Mnesarchus returned to Tyre with Pythagoras and was taught there by the **Chaldeans** and **Syrian scholars**. It is believed that he had two brothers, although some sources say that he had three. What is known is that he had a good **education**, learned to play the **lyre**, learned **poetry** and recited **Homer**.

There were several teachers who influenced Pythagoras when he was young. One of the most important was **Pherekydes**, which many describe as **Pythagoras’ master**. The other two were Thales and his disciple Anaximander, who lived in **Miletus**. Tales created a strong impression on Pythagoras and contributed to Pythagoras’ interest in **mathematics** and **astronomy**. In 535 B.C., he traveled to Egypt, where he visited many of the temples and participated in many discussions with the priests. He managed to enter the temple of **Diospolis**, where he was accepted into the **priesthood** after completing the rites necessary for admission.

I thought that the one was a **being** that had been created in **harmony**, in which **fire** and **spirit** moved **freely**. That spirit was **indivisible**, **not manifested**, and had a **creative** thought. He believed that it was hidden behind the multiple in order to confuse and penetrate into the essence. He believed that the universe was divided into the **natural world**, the **human** world and the **divine** world, since this triad formed the law of things and life. For him, the soul was the body that is spirit built, it was what gave encouragement to the body, which was able to survive after death. He also considered man as a living being who had a **soul** and **intelligence**.

- He founded the
**Pythagorean school**that catapulted him to become a legend since he was a great wise man in his time. - He insisted on
**gender equality**because women played an important role in his school despite not being able to participate in politics. - She gave us the
**musical scale**when he managed to establish the proportional intervals and how their relationship generated dissonance or harmony. - He created the
**music theory**or**harmony**of**spheres**where all celestial bodies move with each musical note. - He systematized abstract ideas and considered the
**numbers**that make up the universe. - He was able to make observations regarding
**irrational**,**perfect**and**friendly** - He created
**Pythagoras’ theorem**to calculate the squares of the sides of a right triangle.

**Mathematics**

He studied **right triangles** and their relationship to **searches** and the **hypotenuse**. His theorem said: if a and b are the lengths of the legs of a **right triangle** and c is the **length** of the hypotenuse, the **total sum** of the squares that have the **lengths** will be equal to the **square** that has the length of the **hypotenuse**. Its mathematical formula was represented as follows: **a2 + b2 = c2**.

According to Pythagoras, each thing had a **figure** and this figure, in turn, corresponded to a number according to its form, since things are **numbers**. Since numbers define forms, if they did not exist, then things could not exist either.

Among his most important works we can mention:

- Theorem of Pythagoras
- Pythagorean lists
- Regular solids
- The perfect numbers
- Friendly numbers
- Irrational numbers

- Happiness consists in being able to unite the beginning with the end.
- Man is mortal because of his fears and immortal because of his desires.
- Educate the children and it will not be necessary to punish men.
- Choose a woman of whom you can say: I could have chosen her more beautiful, but not better.
- To educate is not to give career to live, but to temper the soul for the difficulties of life.
- It is necessary to find the infinitely great in the infinitely small, to feel the presence of God.

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). *Pythagoras*. Recovered on 3 October, 2023, de Euston96: https://www.euston96.com/en/pythagoras/