The pop art movement was largely a cultural phenomenon of British and American origin that occurred in the late 1950s and 1960s and which received its name from art critic Lawrence Alloway. He sought ways to refer to the prosaic iconography of his painting and sculpture. The different works of pop artists were characterized by representing all aspects of popular culture. This culture had an important impact on contemporary life and art; the variety in its iconography reflected in television, comics, film magazines and all forms of advertising that existed at the time, was presented emphatically and objectively, with overwhelming immediacy, and through a series of precise commercial techniques used by the media from which the iconography was itself borrowed.
Pop art was a movement that developed in England and United States as an artistic reaction that confronted abstract expressionism, which was considered empty and elitist, through the use of images taken from consumer society.
Among the main pop art characteristics we can mention the following:
Pop art was born in England in the decade of the years 50´s. It was born from thoughts and reactions of different artists that went against abstract expressionism, since for them, it was neither normal nor common in people. The term “Pop Art” was initially given by the British critic Lawrence Alloway, who, in 1958, referred to popular art in his essay The Arts and the Mass Media. However, the movement itself was born in London, England, through a work by Richard Hamilton called “What Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Funny,” a collage considered the first work of pop art.
Through pop art, artists are able to represent different public art figures that are or have been most representative for a nation, and from this, messages are created addressed to nations through different everyday elements creating links between people and works. It looks for the way to approach the emblematic elements of a country.
Their forms have freedom and are full of color looking for the way to reflect stridency with sense and spontaneity. Basically, we cannot speak of a pop art architecture, but several buildings have taken examples of its strokes and colors.
The process of the sculptures is manual and totally handmade, by means of molds in which fiberglass is placed, and then color is added. Sculpture sources are based on the daily reality of the moment, of the mass culture that is born from the reproduction industry. Simple and recognizable images are sought and taken to the category of art.
The colors used in pop art are generally quite bright, pure and without a lot of nuances, we could say flat. Mainly acrylic paint is used.
Some examples of pop art that have been recognized worldwide are the following: