Fauvism is considered to be the first movement of the 20th century in modern art that was initially inspired by Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat and Paul Cézanne. The artistic movement sought to use intense color as a way of describing light and space, and its members redefined pure color and form as a means of communicating the artist's emotional state. In this regard, Fauvism proved to be an important precursor of Cubism and Expressionism, as well as a touchstone for future modes of abstraction.
Fauvism or fovism, as it is also known, consists of a movement that was developed in France's pictorial field and that stands out, mainly for the excessive use of striking and provocative colors, and for the aggressiveness of its lines.
Mainly, Fauvism gives an important value to individual expression. The artist’s direct experience with his subjects, his emotional response to nature and his intuition were the most important aspects of the technique and for this reason all the elements of the painting were used to achieve this goal.
Fauvism is a painting technique considered as a trend in the process of arts renovation, which is characterized mainly by color intensification, and by the creation of new dimensions, taking into account different chromatic combinations.
The Fauvists thought that by using colors they could express feelings and it was with this idea that their way of painting was based. They did not want naturalistic representations, on the contrary, they wanted to enhance the value of color itself. It was a rejection of the palette of naturalistic tones that had been used by the impressionists and they were more in favor of violent colors to create a greater expressive emphasis.
Among the main characteristics of Fauvism we can mention the following:
Fauvism is one of the 20th century movements in France between 1904 and 1908. It was greatly influenced by the Impressionist movement, with Henri Matisse as its main exhibitor, which was characterized by the use of pure colors to delimit, provide volume, relief and perspectives in the works.
Fauvism actually began in 1901, but was recognized as an artistic trend in 1905, when artists made their first public appearance at the Salon d’Automne in Paris, and in 1906 organized an exhibition at the Salon des Indépendants.
Fauvistic painters go against impressionist postulates. For them, the main aspect of painting is not light, but color. They do not believe that light makes colors and almost claim that color exists by itself. As for painting, artists do not use mixtures, but use paint as it comes out of the boat, which are pure, flat, alive, striking, and free of pollution. It is important to mention that they do take drawing into account because it helps them define the space of each color.
The colors they use are flat as well as space, so that perspective is lost with color, depth practically doesn’t exist, and they don’t have light bulbs that organize the pictorial surface. The color is in charge of creating the space and it is simple.
Cubism had an important influence within sculpture mainly when we refer to abstract art which was based on geometric figures. Fauvism hardly developed in the area of sculpture because it was based mainly on painting.
Fauvistic literature was mainly based on finding the effect obtained by means of the unusual collision of unpublished situations that occurred repeatedly, avoiding the technique. It was considered to be a literature full of aesthetics and sentimentality, highly expressive and unrealistic.
Fauvism was a trend that managed to break with tradition, moving away from reality, showing rebellion, without capturing reality as it is, but rather reflecting the dynamic present in which man lives. It is for this reason that Fauvism is considered to have played a very important role in the development of different plastic languages.
The main representatives of Fauvism are as follows:
Among the main and most recognized works of art of Fauvism are the following: