Contemporary art is an important type of art that includes more than fifty types of expressions that have emerged since the end of World War II. Achieving an understanding of contemporary art requires the study of many theories that have been presented over approximately six decades of art. The common denominator is that artistic talent must be formally recognized by the art world. Some contemporary artists reflect the influence of Modernism, including Impressionism, Surrealism, and Cubism, and others separate themselves from Postmodernism, even eliminating all connections with the artistic movements that existed in the past.
It is a concept that calls the general form of artistic expressions that originated in the twentieth century or current era from the different vanguard hatches that occurred at the beginning of the current century.
The main characteristics of contemporary art are the following:
Contemporary art was originated at the end of the 19th century. It was created as a result of the dragging of different techniques that came from that century, and it is considered that impressionism and post-impressionism were the concepts that drove its creation. From its beginnings, it was based on different avant-garde movements such as Cubism, Expressionism, Surrealism, Futurism and Dadaism. These currents had as common aspect innovation and giving to art a different space to the one it had in ancient times. In the twentieth century, contemporary art came to break traditional patterns and impose new characteristics in the way of making art.
Contemporary art is important because it gives us the idea that art is not separate from life or the world in which we live. The practice of contemporary art has become an exchange between the artist and the spectator rather than an image or object that we hope to admire. Contemporary art has become an extension of life that seeks questions, order and coherence. It promotes questions about our life and also brings with it fun.
The types of art that are included in contemporary art are the following:
It is the modern architecture of our times, mainly the one that began to be created in the 20th century. The main idea of this type of architecture is to reject the historical styles that were used in antiquity. It arises from the change brought about by the Industrial Revolution and French Revolution because with them, new construction materials were created, and the costs of the products were reduced. The most important buildings were columns, temples, triumphal arches and the Propylaea. Iron, zinc and glass were used. Engineering began to have more importance in architecture.
It is considered one of the most modern in art and was influenced by different artistic movements. Change is its main characteristic and the traditional functions it had were lost over time. Sculptures include new materials and new functions and symbology were used. Their tendencies are in constant evolution and the human figure with contemporary art lost importance.
Surges as a consequence of modern art and its bases were a set of signs and symbols initiated by modern painters. His main movements were impressionism, expressionism and neo-impressionism. The first modern painter of which we have reference was Francisco de Goya and the best modern painter was Vicent Van Gogh whose paintings gave rise to abstract painting and Fauvism.
Some of the most outstanding representatives of contemporary art are: