Philosophy

Phenomenology

Phenomenology is the study of the different structures of consciousness that are experienced from the point of view of the first person. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, it is directed towards something, since it is an experience of or about some object. An experience is directed towards an object by virtue of what the object represents along with the appropriate enabling conditions. Phenomenology as a discipline is different from other branches of philosophy, such as ontology, epistemology, logic and ethics, but at the same time, it is related to them. The phenomenological questions of intentionality, consciousness, qualia and perspective in the first person have been prominent in the philosophy of the recent mind.

Phenomenology

Related topics

Epistemology, nihilism

What is phenomenology?

Phenomenology is a science of philosophy that studies everything related to the events surrounding a certain object, its relationship with the environment, the way things happen and how this object influences the phenomenon. It studies the behavior of a fact, product or service.

What does phenomenology study?

Phenomenology as a method of study does not dismiss the elements that are generally not related to the fact or are not taken into account from the beginning because they are considered wrong. These studies are deductive and start from the relationship with the environment, with the good, the bad, the right and the wrong. It seeks to study and obtain the maximum knowledge on all the fundamental aspects and also of those that are not essential for the process that suffers  certain phenomenon.

Characteristics of phenomenology

The main characteristics of phenomenology are:

Objective

The objective of phenomenology is the direct investigation and description of phenomena as experiences that are made consciously, without having theories about causal explanations or objective reality. In other words, it seeks to understand how people construct the meaning of things that happen to them.

Types

Representatives of phenomenology

The main representatives of phenomenology are:

Importance

It is important because it studies realities which nature and structure can only be captured from the inner part of the individual who experiences them. It ends with those strict and definitive truths and gives way to possibilities and speculation, to investigation, doubt, approach and rethinking of a certain phenomenon. It is the way to make possible the scientific method in all the branches of knowledge and truth.

Examples

Instead of doing studies on the programs that are used to integrate minority groups, phenomenology will study the type of experience that a person has within a place.

In the field of psychology, phenomenology does not study the cause or illness, but looks for ways to help overcome people’s suffering by exploring the personal background of the situation.

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.
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