Judo is an extreme and quite dynamic combat sport that demands both, broad physical skills and great mental discipline that originated in Japan. The sport comes from a simple foot position, which involves a series of techniques that allow you to lift and throw your opponents, place them and achieve the opponent's submission. The word judo is derived from the term Jujitsu, which means the art of attacking others or defending oneself using only the body.
Judo is a sport within martial arts that involves self-defense using the body's strength to defeat the opponent by neutralizing him and placing him on the ground by immobilization, strangulation and dislocations.
Judo is a sport practiced on several mattresses based mainly on a series of casts or “nage-waza” and hand wrestling. It includes different immobilization techniques, hangings and levers in order to achieve success. Some blows and immobilizations of the opponent’s joints are necessary to win the battle. It consists of developing mental, moral and personality skills, as well as the adequate physical training that the athletes who practice this sport must have.
The origin of Japanese martial arts started with the martial art system known as takeouchi-ryu, founded in 1532, and this technique is considered the beginning of Jujitsu. In 1882, Dr. Jigoro Kano, who is recognized as the father of Judo, conducted a study regarding the ancient forms of self–defense and managed to bring together the best parts and techniques of these forms in a sport known as Kodokan Judo. The term Kodokan is broken down into ko, which means conference or method, do, which means path, and kan, which means place.
Professor Kano adopted the superlative parts of all Jujitsu schools, got rid of the parts that were not significant, and Kodokan Judo was recognized in a few years as one of the best techniques. The categorization of Kodokan Judo as a sport was completed around 1887. Kodokan had three general objectives: physical education, total mastery of the contest and mental training. Judo became one of the official events at the Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964 and was widely supported by judo lovers and sports promoters around the world.
Some techniques and keys are as follows:
They are known as “obi” and represent the degree that athletes have in judo. The belts of advanced practitioners are called “Dan” and those of beginner students are known by the name of “Kyu“. At the beginning of judo, the corresponding color of the belt is white; as you advance, you get yellow, orange, green, blue, brown and black. Whoever obtains a black belt acquires the title of 1st Dan; this color corresponds to grades 1 to 5th Dan, then red/white from 6th to 8th Dan and red for 9th and 1st Dan.
A tatami is a type of carpet that is placed on the floor where judo competitions are held. They are traditionally made from rice straw and are manufactured in standard sizes, with a length exactly twice the width, an aspect ratio of 2:1. Generally, on the long sides, they have fabric edges, although some tatamis have no edges.
The dress used in judo is called judogi, and it is composed of a belt called obi. The dress derives from Japanese culture in the 20th century. Colors may vary, but the most common is white. They are made of cotton or fibers that are strong.