Horse riding

Horse riding may not be one of the best known sports, but it is one of the most complete. The reality is that horseback riding is more than a sport, as it helps us exercise multiple parts of the body and clear the mind.

Horse riding

Related topics

Classical dressage, polo, trot, turf

What is horse riding?

Horse riding has been an Olympic sport since 1912, consisting of the art of maintaining control over a horse. It consists of different modalities where precision, obedience and the care of the foal are keys to success.

About horse riding

Horse riding basically consists of maintaining precise control over a horse. Factors such as domestication and knowing the procedures for good care of horses, are essential for riders who want to perform in this sport.

Characteristics of horse riding

The main characteristics of horse riding are:


From the moment humans realized that horses could become elements to be transported more easily, it became a focal point for the growth of the human race.

First of all, in the Bronze Age equines were domesticated for this purpose. Later, in the Ancient Age, horse began to be used for war purposes. Subsequently, the Middle Ages were characterized by Spanish cavalry, where the first knights were formed to fight in combat. Later, it began to generalize the use of steeds in games to train horses, so that the riders were prepared for future wars.

In 1539 was born in Ferrara, Italy, the first horse riding school that is registered, representing the birth of horse riding for sporting purposes.


Horse riding became part of the Olympics in 1912 at the Stockholm Olympics. There are currently three horse riding disciplines:

Horse riding competitions

Horse riding competitions are usually divided into categories of minors and adults. Like other sports, the categories consist of children, cadets, youth and adults. Also, competitions are usually held on weekends and consist of three days of competition.

In addition, for horsemen and women riders who practice horse riding, the competitions represent a special incentive for them to measure themselves against their peers, to evaluate the performance of their steeds and to determine their faults and virtues.


Contest tracks must be regulatory and have the meters established in the RFHE, which usually consist of 20×40. The number of horses per race is not established. The jury evaluates the performance of the rider/amazons on a scale from 1 to 10. In turn, juries usually consist of between 3 and 5 members.

Likewise, some of the most common horse riding penalties are for disobedience, if the horse refuses to execute a movement. If a course error is made or if an obstacle is not jumped. Similarly, a fall of the rider / rider or an excess of time limit leads to a loss of points.


The rider’s equipment must consist of:

For its part, the team for the horse is fundamental:

Featured riders

Curiosities of horse riding

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

How to cite this article?

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Horse riding. Recovered on 23 February, 2024, de Euston96:

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