Greek mythology integrates a body of stories about gods, heroes and rituals of ancient Greeks. For Greeks, myths were seen as true stories. Greek mythology has had a wide influence on theater and literature of Western civilizations, which inherited much of Greek culture. Although many people from different periods and civilization stages have developed myths that explain the existence and functioning of natural phenomena, relate the exploits of gods or heroes, or attempt to justify social or political institutions, Greek myths have been unrivaled in the Western world as sources of imaginative and attractive ideas. Poets and artists from antiquity to the present were inspired by Greek mythology and discovered the contemporary importance and relevance of classical mythology.
Greek mythology is a group of legends that come from Greek religion. It is a complex mythology loaded with different gods who adopted human figures and personified the forces of the universe, monsters and wars.
The history of Greek mythology dates back to Crete, where there was the fusion of the Cretan pantheon, which was formed by different land and agricultural divinities. Sometime later the invasion of the Dorians took place, and, in this way, the Mycenaean culture disappeared, initiating the history of Greece. Thanks to Hesiod, modern-day peoples have knowledge of this mythology, through their writings of Theogony; Homer with his stories in the Iliad and his Odyssey; and a series of different fragments of poetry that were found. Many studies point out that the legends come from sacred texts, from people who were real human beings at a certain time. Archaeology and mythography have succeeded in proving that the Greeks were inspired by civilizations from Asia Minor and the Orient.
Their most important symbols and which are recognized today are:
The main gods were the following:
Among their main gods we can mention:
Medusa lived in the Atlas Mountains and from his head came living snakes. When Medusa saw a person or living being on his face, he was immediately transformed into stone. Many brave men tried to kill her, but it was not until Perseus, son of the god Jupiter, prepared himself with a sword and a shield that he managed to kill her because he never saw her in the eyes. After an arduous struggle, Medusa fell asleep and it was when Perseus took the opportunity to cut off her head.
King Acrisius reigned in Argos and since he did not have a son, he asked the oracle what he had to do to have one. The oracle told him that he would have none and that on the contrary, one of his grandsons would end his life, so he locked his daughter in an underground room. But Zeus got her pregnant and from that union a child was born, so he locked them in a box and threw them into the sea. The boy was rescued and years later he managed to defeat Medusa in a battle.
The best movies that have been brought to the big screen about Greek mythology are:
Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Greek mythology. Recovered on 12 January, 2023, de Euston96: https://www.euston96.com/en/greek-mythology/