Figure skating

Figure skating is a sport in which skaters on ice or on a track, alone or in pairs, perform jumping movements, turns, ascents and footwork in a graceful manner. Its name derives from the patterns skaters make on the ice, an element that was an important part of the sport until recently. There are several types of figure skating, including freestyle, couples, ice dancing, and synchronized team skating. The competition style, as well as the movements and techniques of the skaters, vary for each category of skating. Figure skating has become one of the most popular sports at the Winter Olympics.

Figure skating

Related topics

Ice skating

What is figure skating?

Figure skating is a winter sport, although it can be done throughout the year in which athletes perform a piece of music skating on an ice track and performing acrobatics to the rhythm of the music.

About figure skating

The figure skating consists in the realization of a choreography for a musical piece skating on a track, in which a series of different movements, turns, jumps and acrobatics are realized, all of them to the rhythm of the music. Each movement has a punctuation and the technical and athletic aspects are qualified by the judges.


The history of ice skating originated in Holland during the 14th century. It arose from the need to cross the canals that were frozen during the winter, this situation made them start using skates with wooden blades. In 1572, the iron blades were created and seventy years later the first skating club was founded in Edinburgh.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, figure skating was considered a common pastime for monarchs and aristocrats, and in 1850 the American E. Bushnell introduced steel blades. Several years later, Jackson Haines began to introduce different elements of choreography and music to the skaters.

In 1879 the first artificial ice rink was built in England. In 1889 the first World Skating Championships were held in Holland for the first time. Sometime later the International Skating Union was created in Holland and then moved to Switzerland. It was introduced as a summer sport in London in 1908.


Among the general rules of figure skating we can mention the following:

Modalities of figure skating

The modalities of figure skating are as follows:


The six main jumps of figure skating are:


Among the most important figures that must perform skating artists are:


The tracks must be in tile, granite, marble, cement or polished wood. The measures must be a minimum of 40 x 20 meters or a maximum of 50 x 25 meters and with deck or roof.

Figure skating equipment

The main accessories for figure skating are:

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

How to cite this article?

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Figure skating. Recovered on 23 February, 2024, de Euston96:

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