Javelin throw

Javelin throwing is an athletics event in which a javelin is thrown, which is made of regulatory materials such as metal or fiberglass. The main objective of javelin throwing is to throw it as far as possible. This technique dates back thousands of years, when in ancient times, the javelin was used as an instrument of hunting and fishing, was an instrument of survival. Javelin throwing as a sport was first carried out in ancient Greece, during the pentathlon and the ancient Olympic Games.

Javelin throw

Related Topics

Disc throw, hammer throw

What is javelin throw?

Javelin throw is an athletic technique in which the athlete must throw the javelin as far as possible. It is a technique that dates back to ancient Greece, where it was used for fishing and hunting for the survival of the people.

About javelin throw

The sport consists of the player taking position in a specific area and throwing the javelin without moving from the place where it is located. The greater the distance the player can throw the javelin, the better his score will be when it comes to competition.

History of javelin throw

In ancient times, the javelin was an instrument of war and an artifact that was used for survival since it was used as a method for hunting and fishing. It was the size of a hunter, thin and with a sharp point, which became round during competitions. There are indications of paintings and archaeological discoveries dating from the Chinese people around 4000 BC, was used by Egyptians as well. It was formerly called spear.


It is one of the most difficult athletics techniques, with an acceleration and deceleration technique that is transmitted to the javelin through the arm. Three different grip techniques are important:

Javelin throw rules

Javelin throw phases

The stages of javelin throw are as follows:


The track is marked by two parallel lines separated 4 meters from each other. The launch line is 7 cm wide. The center of this corridor is located between the track mark lines. From this main point, two lines extend beyond the launch line to reach a distance of 90 meters. All pitches must fall between these two lines.

The area

The launch pad area should be between 32 meters and 36.5 meters long and about 4 meters wide. The arch or front limit of the race track must be a curved line painted in white, can be wood or metal, or can be painted directly on the ground. Sectoral lines start at 8 meters from an inside point of the arch and extend to marking flags at an angle of 29º.


Nail slippers must be used, which have different holes in their soles, approximately between four and seven, in which special nails are screwed to the sole. These nails are placed with the objective of providing protection and greater stability to the feet when they adhere to the floor. The most common are pyramidal, compression and needle nails.

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

How to cite this article?

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Javelin throw. Recovered on 24 February, 2024, de Euston96:

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