Aristophanes was the greatest representative of ancient Greek comedy and whose works have been preserved in greater quantity. He is the only existing representative of the Ancient Comedy, that is, of the phase of comic dramaturgy in which chorus, mime and burlesque played a very important role and were characterized by their daring fantasy, ruthless invective and outrageous satire, shamelessly licentious humor and a marked freedom of political criticism. His last existing work can be considered the only existing copy of the short-lived Media Comedy, which, before the end of the fourth century BC, was in turn surpassed by the softer, more realistic social satire of the New Comedy.
He was one of the most recognized authors of comedy that have existed, who through his critical humor and satyr took charge of popularizing the comedy, the same one that at the present time continues representing different works full of comic intensity.
Little is known about the life of Aristophanes, and most of the facts known derive from written references in his own works, many historians consider that he was born during the time of Pericles, and his birthday situates him around 445 BC. He was an Athenian citizen who belonged to the clan called Pandionis, but his actual place of birth is uncertain. He began his dramatic career in 427 B.C., with a play known as ” The Daitaleis ” whose meaning in Spanish is ” The Banquetros “, which seems, from surviving fragments, to have been a satire on the educational and moral theories of his contemporaries.
He was involved in Athenian politics and participated in different political struggles with the aim of establishing the Aristocratic Party. He was against the way in which the democrats ruled and was categorically opposed to the Peloponnese war.
Aristophanes was a recognized comedian who was in charge of making a series of criticisms using satire against the sophists, mainly against Socrates. He did a lot of comedies in Classic Grace with the aim of criticizing the society of his time through different situations and characters.
Aristophanes’ political ideology was characterized by the conservatism of a person who goes against the defenders of people and institutions. He had an extremely conservative position that supposedly reflected his pacifism, which was in line with the position of the peasants of Athens during the Peloponnese War. It focused on criticizing democracy and revolution. He went against the religious and mocked the gods. Regarding his political ideology he was very conservative and always thought that education was important.
Just like his life, very little is known about his physical characteristics.
He was a man who was always against the war and who fought politically against the Democratic government. He had a very conservative stance that guided him in defending religious myths and did not accept new philosophical doctrines. He was also characterized by attacking institutions and societies through his political comedies, was a faithful follower of the model of ideal political society using censorship and sharp criticism against citizen politics. His personality was completely humorous and was reflected in his language and style, in which he managed to achieve an important comedy. He was able to distort and give two meanings to his ideas.
The main importance of Aristophanes is that thanks to his work, adequate importance is given to social and human criticism today. He was an example to each citizen as a citizenship master through his works. He was also seen as a positive influence on the life of the city of Athens because he managed to establish direct relations with its public.
Eleven comedies that reached the Alexandrian era are preserved. His works were full of great dynamism due to the use of music, dialogues and choirs. Among his most important works we mention:
Among his main poems we can mention:
Among their myths we mention the following:
Some of his most recognized phrases are:
Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Aristophanes. Recovered on 28 October, 2023, de Euston96: https://www.euston96.com/en/aristophanes/