An archipelago is the set of islands that have its origin from a large amount of magma waste that has been left after a series of volcanic eruptions that happened in the prehistoric era, when the earth was still a very unstable planet and was in constant formation. Archipelagos cannot be called rock formations because they are actually a small fertile territory, only that they are segmented in the sea and divided into islands and islets.


Related topics

Island, islet

What is an archipelago?

An archipelago is a numerous group of islands close to each other that are grouped in a certain surface more or less extensive that is located in the sea.


The word archipelago comes from the Italian archipelago, which comes from the Greek word αρχιπέλαγος (arkhipélagos), composed of ἀρχι– (arkhi), which means main, and πέλαγος (pélagos), which means ocean.

Archipelago characteristics

The main characteristics of the archipelagos are as follows:

Types of archipelago

Depending then on the geological origin of the archipelagos, the islands of the archipelagos can be oceanic or continental islands, and, therefore, the archipelagos receive the same classification as the islands:


Archipelagos generally originate from volcanic activities associated with large magma eruptions. They can also be the result of erosion or soil deposition processes.


The archipelagos can also be known by other names, among them are:

Examples of archipelago

Some of the most important archipelagos around the world are the following:

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.

How to cite this article?

Briceño V., Gabriela. (2019). Archipelago. Recovered on 23 February, 2024, de Euston96:

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