Rail transport is an important means of transport in vehicles that are moved by track or rail. Commonly used, it is one of the most important and cost-effective ways for people to move and transport themselves from one place to another. It also works for goods transport over long and short distances. Since this system works with metal rails and wheels which are usually made of steel, it has an inherent benefit of lower friction resistance which helps to join more cargo in terms of wagons or carriages, a system that is generally known as a train. Trains usually run on an electrically or diesel-powered locomotive. Complex signaling systems are used if there are multiple route networks. Rail transport is also one of the fastest modes of land transport.
It is a system of transport of people and goods using wagons that are guided on a railroad track that go from the point of origin to the point of destination where the importer is located.
Among the main characteristics of rail transport, we can mention the following:
In the 18th century, workers in mining areas of Europe observed that loaded wagons moved more easily if the wheels were guided by a rail made of metal plates, as this reduced friction, and so began the story. The beginning of the Industrial Revolution demanded more efficient ways of bringing raw materials to new factories and moving finished products from them. English mining engineer Richard Trevithick was the first to use the train and adapt the steam engine, which was used in the early 18th century to pump water, to pull a locomotive in South Wales. Twenty years later, the rails were developed from cast iron to support the weight of the steam locomotive. The first public railroad for passengers and cargo was the Liverpool-Manchester, inaugurated in 1830. It was also run by George Stephenson, with the help of his son Robert Stephenson.
The first means of transport that used wheels mounted on rails was designed by the Englishman Richard Trevithick on February 24, 1804. This can be considered as the first train. The first public transport to operate with steam locomotives was inaugurated in 1830. It followed the track from Liverpool to Manchester, England. This first rail transport company was run by George Stephenson with the help of his son Robert. In the United States the railroad developed in search of a way to communicate cities from the east coast to the interior of the country. The first steam railway was opened in 1830 in Charleston. The construction of railroads spread throughout the world, because it was an effective, public and low-cost means of transport and allowed to transport different types of cargo and people to areas in the interior of the continents.
The advantages of using rail transport are as follows:
Some of its disadvantages are:
The railways are one of the most important means of land transport as it is one of the most productive ways of carrying out goods exchanges and to concentrate the different shipments from one place to another.
Its main uses are the transport of materials and the transport of people to different places, either within the same territory or outside it.