Agricultural law comes from the Latin "directum" and is composed of the postulates of justice that form part of the normative and institutional order within a society. It is a set of norms that allow people to solve any kind of social conflict. The term agricultural refers properly to agriculture, which consists of those works that have relation with soil, product plantation and environmental transformation in order to satisfy human needs. This being so, we can say that agricultural law is related to and based on laws, regulations and provisions with respect to rural property and rural exploitations. It takes into account producers, peasants and is conditioned by nature and values. It is a type of pluralist and non-class rights seeking to improve the economic sovereignty of a country region, protecting first of all, ecology and renewable natural resources.
Agricultural law is in itself a set of norms, laws, rules and provisions that are responsible for controlling and regulating the properties and the way in which a territory is organized, as well as the farming operations that may occur within a society.
The agricultural and livestock activities that man carries out to conserve life and for economic exploitation are necessary for his subsistence, and this process has been carried out since humanity’s origins. The homo sapiens, needed to produce food to be able to maintain itself and to survive, for this reason, they carried out agricultural activities from its beginnings. These activities have had regulations since their early days when they began to develop rules for proper human existence and for guiding man.
The principles of agricultural law are the normative statements that form part of it, without prejudice to not being integrated into a legal system. The following are the principles of this type of law:
Agricultural law is classified into substantive agricultural law and procedural agricultural law. Substantive law is established in a set of rules that establish the rights and obligations, the powers and duties of individuals and the sanctions that must be applied when laws are breached. Procedural law arises when agricultural rights are violated, and the jurisdictional authority can be activated to properly administer agricultural justice.
Agricultural law in Venezuela, for example, has been declining little by little since oil was discovered. At colonial times, Venezuela depended heavily on the countryside for crops and corn, and the land practically belonged to its owners, but when oil began to emerge, agriculture took a back seat. In Mexico, agricultural law took on an autonomous configuration based on constitutional guarantees. Thanks to this type of law, agricultural reform was born that modifies and adapts the principles and general regulations since the beginning of the law.