The law has many branches and one of them is labor law. This law is made up of norms and rules that must be complied with in order to provide protection to workers, who are seen as the weakest part of a worker-employer relationship.
Labor law is the branch of law in which work is understood as the activity that a person does in order to obtain means and goods for living, and therefore, it is in charge of protecting it with a series of norms and rules.
Labor law consists of a series of legal principles and rules that have as its main objective the protection of work and the productive worker. In this way it regulates the relations between the owners of companies and their workers.
The main features of labor law are as follows:
The principles of labor law are as follows:
The sources of labor law are the following:
After the fall of the Roman Empire, work culture passed to new generations who grew up in environments where work was necessary and was also considered a social good. It should be remembered that in the Middle Ages feudalism arose and between the feudal lords and the Catholic Church the work of the workers was shared out.
At the end of the Middle Ages, the Industrial Revolution emerged and with it, a new ideology that said that wealth could also be obtained when there were opportunities for growth and enrichment.
In modern times, labor law has antecedents such as the industrial revolution itself, competition, liberalism and communism. At the end of 1940, labor law emerged, which is the main antecedent of the labor law we enjoy today.
In the early 1980s, strong voices in human rights, labor, academics, and religious communities formed a coalition to fight for workers’ rights in international trade. In 1984, the coalition succeeded in establishing legislation linking the granting of U.S. trade and investment benefits. In 1986, the group launched the International Labor Rights Education and Research Fund to monitor the enforcement of these laws and develop other means to protect workers’ rights around the world.
Many of today’s successes in labor law have been the result of the participation and leadership of different groupings; close collaboration with labor unions and other partners around the world, including religious and consumer organizations; and ongoing dialogue with governments and businesses.
Labor laws or labor rights are very important because they give structure to the workplace, say what employees and employers are responsible for, and, in some cases, describe federal regulations to give both parties the direction they need to resolve workplace disputes. These laws are important because they allow businesses to focus more on productivity and profitability rather than giving constant energy and resources to problem solving.
It also helps preserve organizational integrity; it is useful for developing business principles and ethics in the workplace. It is also important to remind owners to be good corporate citizens.
Some examples of labor law are the following: