The Tropic of Capricorn is an imaginary horizontal latitude line, what we know as parallel, which rotates around the Earth at approximately 23.5° south of the Equator. It is the southernmost point on Earth at which the sun's rays can be directly on a person's head at local noon. It is also one of the five main latitude circles that divide the Earth, the other are the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere, the Equator, the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle. This tropic is in charge of pointing out the southern limit of the Intertropical Zone, which is delimited by the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. The Tropic of Capricorn is significant for understanding the Earth's geography because it marks the southern boundary of the tropics. This region extends from the Equator southward to the Tropic of Capricorn and northward to the Tropic of Cancer.
The Tropic of Capricorn is an imaginary horizontal or parallel line that rotates around the Earth at 23.5° South of the Equator. It is the southernmost point on earth and extends from the Tropic of Capricorn to the north of the Tropic of Cancer and is responsible for pointing out the southern boundary of the Intertropical zone.
The Tropic of Capricorn was named because the sun was in Capricorn’s constellation during the December solstice. The denomination took place about 2000 years ago and the sun is not in those constellations anymore at that time of year. During the June solstice, the Sun is in Taurus and during the December solstice, the Sun is in Sagittarius. It is called the Tropic of Capricorn because in Classical Antiquity, when the summer solstice occurred in the southern hemisphere, the Sun was located Capricorn constellation. It is currently in Sagittarius constellation, but the tropic name Capricorn continues to be accepted by mere tradition.
The Tropic of Capricorn is located with the parallel of Ecuador, in the Southern Hemisphere. It is located at a latitude of 23º 26′ 14″ south of Ecuador.
The Tropic of Capricorn is located from west to east and begins in America. It crosses the following countries:
Tropic of Capricorn is so called because, when it was named some 2,000 years ago, the sun was also in the Capricorn constellation direction, it should be noted that Capricorn is in Latin the same as goat horn, in the December solstice. In modern times, the sun appears in Sagittarius’ constellation during this time.