Medicine

Temporal lobe

Temporal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions found in the cerebral cortex. They are found in the largest division of the brain known as the prosencephalon. As with the other three brain lobes, frontal, occipital, and parietal, there is a temporal lobe that is located in each cerebral hemisphere. Temporal lobes play an important role in sensory stimuli organization, auditory perception, language and speech production, as well as in memory association and formation.

What is the temporal lobe?

It is the region located in one of the lobes of the brain that is fundamental for basic abilities of the organism such as speech and auditory perception, although it is also related to affectivity, memory and recognition.

The structures of the limbic system, including the olfactory cortex, amygdala and hippocampus, are found within the temporal lobes. Damage to this area of the brain can cause problems with memory, understanding language, and maintaining emotional control.

Characteristics of the temporal lobe

The main characteristics of the temporal lobe are as follows:

Temporal lobe location

Directionally, the temporal lobes are in a position anterior to the occipital lobes and inferior to the frontal lobes and parietal lobes, approximately behind each of the temples of our head. A large deep groove known as Silvio’s Fissure separates the parietal and temporal lobes.

In other words, it is located in the lower lateral part of the brain, in the region of the skull that is closest to the ears.

Structure

Each of the structures that make up the temporal lobe is characterized by certain brain activities, let’s see what they are:

Functions

The temporal lobe is responsible for processing auditory information through the ears. It is responsible for receiving the information and processing it as well as collecting the information we obtain through smell. It is in charge of all sensory stimuli that the human body receives.

The Wernicke area provides us with the ability to recognize language and be able to interpret the words we hear.

Children’s ability to understand language before they speak it is the responsibility of the temporal lobe, and they also play an important role in long-term memory.

Injuries and diseases of the temporal lobe

Some of the temporal lobe lesions are:

Written by Gabriela Briceño V.
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